Non-Verbal Learning Disorder (NVLD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children's ability to process and interpret nonverbal information. Children with NVLD may have difficulty with tasks that involve visual-spatial abilities, such as reading maps, understanding visual cues in social situations, and coordinating fine motor movements. They may also struggle with social skills, such as interpreting body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions.
Children with NVLD often have strong verbal skills, such as speaking, reading, and writing, but may struggle with math, science, and other subjects that require visual-spatial abilities. They may also have difficulty with executive functioning skills, such as planning, organizing, and completing tasks.
It's important to note that NVLD is a controversial diagnosis, and some experts argue that it may not be a separate disorder but rather a subtype of other conditions, such as autism spectrum disorder or ADHD. If you suspect your child may be struggling with NVLD, it's important to seek a comprehensive evaluation from a qualified healthcare professional who specializes in neurodevelopmental disorders. This can help determine an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
Fisher, P. W., Reyes-Portillo, J. A., Riddle, M. A., & Litwin, H. D. (2021). Systematic review: Nonverbal learning disability. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
Garcia, R. B., Mammarella, I. C., Tripodi, D., & Cornoldi, C. (2014). Visuospatial working memory for locations, colours, and binding in typically developing children and in children with dyslexia and non‐verbal learning disability. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(1), 17-33.
Mammarella, I. C., Cardillo, R., & Broitman, J. (2021). Understanding nonverbal learning disability: A guide to symptoms, management, and treatment. Routledge.