Special Needs

Dyslexia: Understanding the Learning Difference and Unlocking Potential

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children and can continue into adulthood. The condition is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that interferes with daily life.

The symptoms of ADHD may include difficulty paying attention, easily distracted, forgetful, fidgety, difficulty sitting still, impulsiveness, interrupting others, difficulty waiting their turn, and excessive talking. These symptoms can have a significant impact on a child's academic performance, social relationships, and overall functioning.

ADHD is a complex disorder that can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, therapy, and behavioral interventions to help children manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Unique strengths

  • I can be spontaneous and energetic and certain times.
  • I can be highly imaginative and come up with interesting ideas.
  • I can multitask really well.
  • I can think outside the box.

Scientific facts

  • ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder, not a result of poor parenting or lack of determination in the individual.
  • Individuals with ADHD have an overactive prefrontal cortex, which can lead to difficulties with attention, impulse control, and executive function.
  • At the same time, this can also make those with ADHD skilled at multitasking and adapting to new environments easily.
  • ADHD symptoms can vary greatly from each individual.

Daily challenges

  • I might have issues staying focused or keeping information in mind.
  • I may sometimes do things impulsively.
  • I may sometimes not know how to organize my time or stick to a schedule.

How to be more sensitive

  • Provide a supportive and flexible environment that can accommodate their unique needs. For example, giving them frequent breaks and flexible schedules.
  • Be patient and understanding and avoid interrupting them or finishing their sentences for them if they can’t complete them.
  • Encourage them to ask for help when they need it and offer support and understanding.
  • Avoid making assumptions about them or stereotyping.
  • Educate yourself on the realities of this condition.


Felt, B. T., Biermann, B., Christner, J. G., Kochhar, P., & Van Harrison, R. (2014). Diagnosis and management of ADHD in children. American Family Physician, 90(7), 456-464.

Subcommittee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management. (2011). ADHD: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 128(5), 1007-1022.

Becker, N., Vasconcelos, M., Oliveira, V., Santos, F. C. D., Bizarro, L., Almeida, R. M. D., ... & Carvalho, M. R. S. (2017). Genetic and environmental risk factors for developmental dyslexia in children: systematic review of the last decade. Developmental neuropsychology, 42(7-8), 423-445.

Huang, Y., He, M., Li, A., Lin, Y., Zhang, X., & Wu, K. (2020). Personality, behavior characteristics, and life quality impact of children with dyslexia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1415.